WHAT IS BOTANY?

    
THE STUDY OF PLANTS; THEIR DIVERSITY, STRUCTURE AND     
     FUNCTION

WHY ARE PLANTS IMPORTANT?

 1.     GREEN PLANTS AND ALGAE GENERATE THE OXYGEN WE               
        BREATHE
 2.     PLANTS SUPPLY OUR FOOD AND DRINKS
 3.     PLANT EXTRACTS USED TO MAKE:
        -     PAINTS
        -     PLASTICS
        -     ADHESIVES
        -     DYES
        -     DRUGS
4.     AESTHETIC VALUE
5.     HAVE NEGATIVE EFFECTS WE NEED TO KNOW
        -     CLOG WATERWAYS
        -     CAUSE ALLERGIES
        -     POISONS

AREAS OF BOTANICAL STUDY

      1.     PLANT TAXONOMY (NAMING PLANTS)

      2.     PLANT ANATOMY (STUDY OF PLANT STRUCTURES)

      3.     PLANT MORPHOLOGY (PLANT FORM)

      4.     PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (PLANT FUNCTION)

      5.     PLANT PATHOLOGY (PLANT DISEASE)

 

 HOW SCIENTISTS STUDY

      CONDUCT EXPERIMENTS USING THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

      THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

      1.     MAKE AN OBSERVATION

      2.     ASK A QUESTION

    3.     FORM AN HYPOTHESIS

             A HYPOTHESIS IS A “GUESS” AS TO WHAT COULD BE CAUSING
            WHAT YOU OBSERVED

     4.     CONDUCT AN EXPERIMENT

     5.     OBTAIN DATA (RESULTS)

     6.     EXAMINE DATA

     7.     MAKE A CONCLUSION

     8.     DISTRIBUTE RESULTS

          -     JOURNALS

          -     SCIENTIFIC MEETINGS

          -     CLASS

          -     INTERNET

 

A HYPOTHESIS CANNOT BE PROVED, IT CAN ONLY BE DISPROVED

IF YOU ONLY WORK WITH ONE HYPOTHESIS, YOU HAVE ONLY SHOWN ONE POSSIBLE REASON FOR YOUR OBSERVATION

TYPES OF EXPERIMENTS

1.    CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT

     -     THE RESEARCHER CONTROLS THE COMPONENTS OF AN           
         
EXPERIMENT

     -     ONLY ONE COMPONENT IS CHANGED IN THE EXPERIMENT

     -     A CONTROL IS A PART OF THE EXPERIMENT THAT HAS ALL       
           THE COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR THE DESIRED OUTCOME            OF AN EXPERIMENT

     -     A CONTROL IS SOMETHING TO COMPARE YOUR EXPERIMENT        
           WITH

2.     OBSERVATIONAL EXPERIMENT

     -     THE RESEARCHER OBSERVES A SITUATION AND RECORDS       
          
THE OBSERVATION

 QUESTION

      WHAT PLANTS GROW BEST UNDER THE CANOPY OF A MESQUITE     
      TREE?

      CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT

      -     PLANT VARIOUS PLANTS UNDER A MESQUITE TREE                  AND OBSERVE WHICH ONES GROW BEST

      OBSERVATIONAL EXPERIMENT

     -     LOCATE MESQUITE TREES IN AN AREAS AND RECORD
           WHAT PLANTS ARE GROWING BENEATH THEM.

 UNIFYING THEMES OF BOTANY

      1.     PLANTS CONSIST OF ORGANIZED PARTS
      2.     PLANTS EXCHHANGE ENERGY WITH THEIR ENVIRONMENT
      3.     PLANTS RESPOND AND ADAPT TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT
      4.     PLANTS REPRODUCE
      5.     PLANTS SHARE PARTS OF A COMMON ANCESTRY