Great expectations for the first exam in Biology 1306 Fall 2010

Chapter 1.

Know the shared characteristics of life
Know the levels of organization of matter from atom to biosphere
Know the steps followed using the scientific method.
Know the purpose of the control in an experiment
Know the difference between a hypothesis and a theory
Know characteristics of the six kingdoms used to classify living organisms

vocabulary-homeostasis, entropy

Chapter 2.  

Know the parts of an atom.
Know the difference between an element and an isotope of the element.
Know the characteristics of water
Distinguish between acids and bases on the basis of pH.
Know simple metric conversions.
Know the first and second laws of thermodynamics.
Know the three bonds; ionic, covalent and hydrogen
Know about condensation reactions and hydrolysis (what is used and what is liberated).

Vocabulary-element, molecule, cohesion, adhesion, polarity.

Chapter 3.

Know the four most commonly found elements in organisms
Know the four classes of carbon containing compounds.
Know the monomers making up complex carbon containing compounds.
Know examples of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides
Know the difference between saturated, unsaturated, polyunsaturated fats.
Know about the solubility of starch and cellulose, their chemical composition, and why they behave differently.

Vocabulary-monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharide, amino acid, triglyceride, fatty acid, phospholipid, glycoprotein, lipoprotein, nucleic acid, nucleotide, deoxyribonucleic acid, ribonucleic acid, lipids, amino acid, peptide bond, carbohydrates

Chapter 4

Know the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
Know which cells are in which kingdom
Know the difference between plant and animal cells
Know the function of all organelles
Know how turgor pressure develops in a plant
Know which organelles are involved in the endosymbiont theory
 

Great Expectations 2.  Things you are expected to know for the second exam in Biology 1306

 

1.                     Know the difference between C3, C4, and CAM  photosynthesis.

2.                    Know the difference between cyclic and non cyclic photophosphorylation.

3.                   Know who discovered the steps in the light independent steps of photosynthesis.

4.         Be able to compare and contrast the light dependent and light independent

reactions of photosynthesis

5.         Know where the different parts of photosynthesis are occurring within the cell

6.         Be able to compare and contrast aerobic and anaerobic respiration with regard to

            shared pathways, oxygen requirements, ATP produced, system requirements, and

            end -products.

7.         Be able to compare and contrast glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport phosphorylation.

8.         Know where the different stages of cellular respiration occur

9.         Know the internal structures of a chloroplast in the mitochondrion

10.       Know where ATP is being used in photosynthesis and respiration and where it is being made in photosynthesis and respiration.

11.       Know how endergonic reactions differ from exergonic reactions.

12.       Know what is necessary for an enzyme reaction to occur.

13.       Know why activation energy is needed for some enzyme reactions to occur.

14.       Compare and contrast active transport, osmosis, diffusion and facilitated diffusion.  Know which ones require energy and if energy is not required state what is driving the movement.

15.       Describe a redox reaction.

16.       Compare and contrast phagocytosis and pinocytosis.

17.       Know the components making up most biological membranes.  Be able to discuss why each of the components is important to an organism (i.e. its function).

18.       Be able to describe how an enzyme works and how it interacts with other chemicals.

19.       Know what environmental factors may affect how well an enzyme functions.

20.       Know types of passive transport

21.       Be able to determine if a solution is hypotonic or hypertonic based on the behavior of a cell put in that solution

22.       Be able to compare and contrast endocytosis and exocytosis and know the terms used when referring to liquids and solids

23.       Vocabulary

            a) anabolism

            b) catabolism

            c) activation energy

            d) redox

            e) condensation synthesis

            f) dehydration synthesis

            g) active site

            h) allosteric inhibition

            i) feedback or end point inhibition

            j) photo system

            k) Z-scheme

            l) Hans Krebs

            m) Melvin Calvin

            n) RuBP carboxylase/oxygenase

            o) RuBP

Chapter 5

1.  Know the difference between the three types of diffusion
2.  Know the difference between diffusion and active transport
3.  Know what happens when an animal cell is placed in a hypertonic or hypotonic solution
4.  Know what happens when a plant cell is placed in a hypertonic or hypotonic solution
5.  Know the differences between phagocytosis and pinocytosis
6.  Be able to compare and contrast exocytosis and endocytosis
7.  Know what carbon containing compounds make up cell membranes

Chapter 5 Vocabulary

1.  Hydrophobic
2.  Hydrophilic
3.  Hypertonic
4.  Hypotonic
5.  Isotonic
6.  Pinocytosis
7.  Phagocytosis
8.  Endocytosis
9.  Exocytosis

 

KNOW THE BALANCED EQUATIONS FOR RESPIRATION AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS

 

Great Expectations 3 -Things you are expected to know for the third exam in Biology 1306

1.   Be able to compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.  Know what you start with and what you finish with in regard to          
       chromosome number.  Know the difference between a haploid and diploid cell.

2.   Know what happens, and in what order, the stages are in both mitosis and meiosis.  Know where each occurs within an        
      organism.  Know where homologous chromosomes separate and where chromatids separate.  Know where variability occurs in
      meiosis.

3.   Know the stages of the cell cycle and what happens at each stage.

4.   Know the history of genetic research such as who was the father of genetics, how Darwin’s theories fit into what we know about
      genetics and what and why the first organisms were used to study genetics.

5.   Know how gametes are made from a given genotype (i.e. What gametes can be made from an organism of genotype AAaa or
      AaBB) 

6.   Know how to determine blood type.

7.   Know how incomplete dominance and co-dominance differ.

8.   Know how to figure genotypic and phenotypic ratios

9.   Know how to do a monohybrid and dihybrid cross.

10. Vocabulary

       haploid
       diploid
       homozygous
       heterozygous
       dominant allele
       recessive allele
       chiasmata
       crossing over
       synapsis
       tetrads
       chromatids
       chromosomes
       allele
       locus

11. Pedigree charts and Karyotyping

12. Human genetic conditions

13. sex linked conditions

14. chromosome abnormalities