POLLINATION MECHANISMS

       POLLINATION REQUIRES A VECTOR
       VECTORS CAN BE:
            1. WIND
            2. WATER
            3. MAMMALS
            4. BIRDS
            5. INSECTS

WIND POLLINATION

     1. SIMPLEST
             2. MOST INEFFICIENT
             3. PRODUCE HUGE AMOUNTS OF NONSTICKY POLLEN
             4. LACK SHOWY FLOWER PARTS
             5. LACK ODOR
             6. HAVE WELL-EXPOSED STAMENS
             7. HAVE LARGE STIGMAS
             8. HAVE MANY FLOWERED INFLORESCENCES

INSECT POLLINATION

     1. BEES MOST COMMON INSECT POLLINATOR
             2. WASPS, FLIES, MOTHS, BUTTERFLIES, AND
        BEETLES ARE OTHER INSECT POLLINATORS
             3. FLOWERS HAVE ULTRAVIOLET NECTAR GUIDES MADE
        OF PIGMENTS
CALLED NECTAR GUIDES
             4. HAVE STRONG FRAGRANCES

MOTH POLLINATION

     1. POLLINATION AT NIGHT
             2. FLOWERS ARE:
                    a. LARGE
                    b. WHITE
                    c. STRONGLY SCENTED
                    d. TUBULAR OR TRUMPET SHAPED

FLY POLLINATION

     1. FLOWERS RED-BROWN IN COLOR
             2. EMIT A FOUL FECAL ODOR

MAMMAL POLLINATION

     1. TYPICALLY POLLINATED BY BATS AND SMALL
        RODENTS
             2. OPEN AT NIGHT
             3. WHITE
             4. FRUITY ODOR
             5. LARGE

BIRD POLLINATION

     1. HUMMINGBIRDS MOST COMMON BIRD POLLINATOR
             2. FLOWERS TUBULAR
             3. FLOWERS BRIGHT RED OR YELLOW
             4. ODORLESS