• Some things you are expected to know for test 3.  This is not an exclusive list.

    SYSTEMATICS

  • For each of these taxa (orders, families, etc. know the zoogeographic region(s), diagnostic characters (what distinguishes this taxon from its close relatives), adaptations, behaviors, life history, etc.
    1. Carnivora
    2. Caniformia
    3. Canidae (dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals)
    4. Procyonidae (raccoons, coati-mundis, ringtails, kinkajous)
    5. Ailuridae (red panda)
    6. Mephitidae (skunks, stink badgers)
    7. Mustelidae (weasels, river otters, sea otters, ferrets)
    8. Ursidae (bears, including the giant panda)
    9. Pinnipeds
    10. Odobenidae (walruses)
    11. Otarridae (sea lions, eared seals, fur seals)
    12. Phocidae (true seals, earless seals)
    13.  
    14. Feliformia
    15. Felidae (cats)
    16. Herpestidae (mongooses, meerkats)
    17. Hyaenidae (Hyaeninae (hyaenas) and Proteles (aardwolf))
    18. Viverridae (civets, linsangs, genets, binturongs)
    19. Eupleuridae (Madagascan carnivores including the fossa)
    20. Ungulata (hoofed mammals)
    21. Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)
    22. Equidae - horses, asses, zebras
    23. Tapiridae (tapirs)
    24. Rhinocerotidae - rhinoceroses
    25. Artiodactyla (even toed ungulates, including whales)
    26. Suidae (Old World swine, pigs, warthogs, babyroussa)
    27. Tayassuidae - javelinas or peccaries
    28. Hippopotamidae - hippopotamus
    29. Camelidae - camels, llamas, & guanacos
    30. Ruminantia
    31. Tragulidae - chevrotains & mouse deer
    32. Giraffidae - giraffe, okapi
    33. Moschidae
    34. Cervidae - deer, elk, moose
    35. Antilocapridae - pronghorn
    36. Bovidae - cattle, sheep, goats, antelope, & allies
    37. Cetacea - whales
    38. Mysticeti (baleen whales)
    39. Balaenidae - Bowhead & right whales
    40. Balaenopteridae - Rorqual whales and humpback whale
    41. Eschrichtiidae - gray whale
    42. Odontoceti (toothed whales)
    43. Delphinidae - dolphins
    44. Monodontidae - narwhale, beluga
    45. Phocoenidae
    46. Physeteridae - sperm whales
    47. Platinistidae - long snouted river dolphins

    Terms and concepts

    1. Geographic distribution
      1. biogeographic regions
      2. disjunct distributions
      3. endemic distributions
    2. Natural history (behavior, ecology, diet, reproduction, ecomorphy, K- and r-selection)
    3. DNA phylogeny and its role in classification and conservation
    4. Conservation of threatened and endangered species (e.g. bats, cats, whales, etc.)
      1. life history, hunting, captive breeding, ecotourism, etc.
      2. whaling
      3. sustainable harvesting
    5. introduced species (e.g., mongoose, etc.)
    6. keystone species (e.g., sea otters, etc.)
    7. Reproduction, including
      1. Spontaneous Ovulation
      2. Induced Ovulation
      3. Delayed Fertilization
      4. Delayed Implantation
      5. Obligate delayed Implantation
    8. Locomotion, including
      1. fossorial adaptations
      2. cursorial adaptations
      3. adaptations for flight including
        1. uropatagium
        2. aspect ratio
      4. plantigrade, digitigrade, unguiligrade
      5. stride length and rate
      6. pacing
    9. caravanning
    10. Eimer's organs
    11. microbat echolocation
    12. ultrasound
    13. nectivory
    14. sanguivory
    15. hibernation
    16. migration
    17. k-selection
    18. carnassial
    19. Madagascar
    20. female masculinization
    21. winter dormancy in bears
    22. Bergmann's "rule"
    23. Allen's rule
    24. Insulation in terrestrial and aquatic mammals
    25. regional heterothermy (countercurrent blood flow)
    26. foregut fermentation
    27. hindgut fermentation
    28. horns
    29. antlers
    30. resource partitioning
    31. grazing facillitation
    32. whale evolution
    33. telescoping
    34. baleen
    35. baleen whale diets
    36. whale migration
    37. skimming, gulping, bubble feeding
    38. upwelling and food chains
    39. infrasound
    40. SOFAR channel
    41. odontocete echolocation