Mammalogy Fall 2000 - Exam 2

1-26 Multiple Choice. Select the best answer. 2 points each. 52 points total

  1. Which of the following whales is the most endangered, the ones most likely to go extinct in your lifetime
  2. According to Dr. Baskin, if properly regulated, which of the following should be allowed to be harvested as a food source for humans
  3. These two families of xenarthrans are most alike
  4. Xenarthrous vertebrae are characterized by having
  5. The nostrils point to the side and there are three premolars in the Primate family
  6. Algae in the fur of members of this family provides camouflage
  7. Females are larger than the males and the hindlimbs are longer than the hind limbs in this family of carnivorans
  8. This family of squirrel-like mammals that lives in southeast Asia used to be considered to be primitive primates
  9. Gibbons belong to this primate family
  10. Cheetahs differ from other cats in lacking
  11. Terrestrial mammals that communicate using infrasound
  12. Pachyostotic ribs are characteristic of this family
  13. New World termite and other insect feeders with a body covered by bony scutes
  14. Marmosets belong to this family of Primates
  15. Bottled nosed dolphins and killer whales are members of the Family
  16. The biochemical evidence indicates chimpanzees are most closely related to
  17. Which teeth form the carnassials in the Order Carnivora
  18. These are graviportal mammals
  19. Microchiropterans are known to feed on ALL of the following except
  20. Bats in this family live by the millions in places such as Carlsbad Caverns and Bracken Cave
  21. A spatulate fluke occurs in this family
  22. This is a family of arboreal and nocturnal primates that is found in the Oriental and Ethiopian (but not Madagascar) zoogeographic regions
  23. This carnivoran family does not occur in the Ethiopian Zoogeographic region
  24. This carnivoran family contains one strictly carnivorous species, one strictly herbivorous species, and the rest are omnivorous
  25. Follivores (leaf eaters) and termite feeders are both typically characterized by
  26. The fastest flying bats belong to this family 
27-30. Compare (i.e., tell how they are similar) and contrast (i.e., tell how they are different) any three of the following. Include the Order of each, examples of included taxa, zoogeographic distribution, morphology, behavior, adaptations, etc. (8 points each - 24 points total)
  1.  Otariidae, Phocidae
  2. Balaenopteridae, Balaenidae
  3. Tarsiidae, Galagonidae
  4. Phylostomatidae, Pteropidae
  5. Mustelidae, Herpestidae
  6. Elephantidae, Trichechidae
31-36. Define and state the significance to mammalogy as discussed in the lectures for the Orders and Families covered by this examination of any 4 of the following. Where appropriate state what taxon (-a) the term is associated with. (5 points each - 20 points total)
  1.  Evergrowing incisors
  2. Femalemasculinization
  3. Keratinous scales
  4. Pectinate incisors
  5. Petrosal bulla
  6. Prehensile tail
  7. Uropatagium
  8. Vermiform tongue

37. Answer one of the following (8 points).

  1. Discuss the adaptations for deep diving in whales.
  2. Compare (i.e., tell how they are similar) and contrast (i.e., tell how they are different) echolocation in bats and whales. Discuss the structures involved in transmission and reception and functions.