Mammalogy Fall 2007
1-5 MATCH THE CRITTER PICTURE with the name (2
- Bradypodidae ____
- Daubentonidae ______
- Hominidae ______
- Molossidae ______
- Phocidae _____
- Soricidae _____
Multiple choice, Select the best answer. 2 points each
- Which trait is unique to primates?
- Neotony has been used to explain the evolution of
- Which family of mammals cannot rotate their hindlimbs forward
- This family is restricted to the West Indies (e.g., Cuba)
- Some members of this family produce a
- A member of this African family is an
ecomorph of otters
- According to Bergmann's rule, mammals in colder climates will have ____
than relatives in warmer regions.
- An nose leaf is used for
- Which of the following families has expanded its range northward the most
in the past 100 years?
- Which of the following is an adaptation to running in mammals?
- The order Xenarthra gets its name from having
- The fossa (Cryptoprocta) of Madagascar is a
- Toxins in cycad seeds
- Hyenas are most closely related to
- Which of the following is NOT a
characteristic of bats?
- You are involved in a conservation project
and find that in areas where coyotes are
present, rabbit numbers are low and vegetation
diversity is high. Removal of coyotes causes
increases in rabbit populations and significant
loss of vegetation cover. How do you best
characterize the ecological status of coyotes in
- Bats that have high aspect ratio wings would
most likely forage
- The principle advantage of high frequency
(vs. low) sound in bat echolocation is that
- Which of the following is not a
characteristic of the New World monkeys?
For each of the following SELECT A FAMILY OF YOUR CHOICE and characterize
it (information such as diagnostic characters, distribution, behavior,
reproduction, life history, dietary and locomotor specializations,
conservation issues). You can use families from any of the above questions if
you want but DO NOT REPEAT ANY INFORMATION that was included in any other
question or answer or I will deduct points. (5 points each, 20 points total)
- Name two skeletal adaptations to flight (other than wings in general) in
bats. Name specific structures and explain what they do (4 points)
- What is the main advantage for feeding on ants and termites that has
caused it to evolve in so many orders of mammals (3 points)
- Discuss the ulna as a lever in a mole. Use illustrations and
mathematical formulae to show how its proportions (distance in and out) and
force in affect force out. (5 points)
- What are the advantages of delayed implantation in seals? (4 points)
- For bears, do the calculations to show how much fat would be required to
raise the temperature of a 250 kg hibernating bear from 7 degrees Celsius to
37 degrees Celsius. Fat provides 9 cal/gram of energy. (5 extra credit points)
- Select a family covered for this exam whose members have the diet listed.
Give the Order, and characterize the adaptations that occur for this diet. You
must use different Orders for each of the questions. If the diet is not
typical of all members of the family, which members have it? You can use
families from any of the above questions if you want but DO NOT REPEAT ANY
INFORMATION that was included in any other question or answer or I will deduct
points. (5 points each, 15 points total).
- Insects other than termites.
- Order Insectivora that occurs in Texas
- Order Carnivora that occurs in Texas
- Order Primates that occurs in Africa (including Madagascar)
- Pick a DIFFERENT FAMILY covered for this exam that is in a different Order
from 32a-c. In addition to the above information, give the order.