Mammalogy Fall 2009 Exam 2

Multiple choice, Select the best answer. 2 points each

  1. The primate shown in the picture below LEFT
    1. Is a quadruped
    2. Is a vertical clinger and leaper
    3. Is a brachiator
    4. Is a biped
    5. Is a knuckle walker
    6. It belongs to the family
      1. Cercopithedidae
      2. Hominidae
      3. Hylobatidae
      4. Lemuridae
      5. Lorisidae
      6. The primate shown in the picture ABOVE RIGHT is a
        1. Is a quadruped
        2. Is a vertical clinger and leaper
        3. Is a brachiator
        4. Is a biped
        5. Is a knuckle walker
        6. It belongs to the family
          1. Hominidae
          2. Hylobatidae
          3. Lemuridae
          4. Lorisidae
          5. Tarsiidae
          6. Which of the following bones has been used to identify different kinds of carnivores, especially mustelids
            1. Baculum
            2. Calcaneum
            3. Clavicle
            4. Petrosal
            5. Xiphisternum
            6. The mammal shown in the picture below is
              1. Arborial
              2. Fossorial
              3. Glissant
              4. Scansorial
              5. Volant
              6. It belongs to the family
                1. Cynocephalidae
                2. Manidae
                3. Soricidae
                4. Talpidae
                5. Tenrecidae
                6. Which of the following is least correct (or most wrong) about wolves (Canis lupus):
                7. All members of this order have a reduced metabolic rate relative to most placentals
                8. A reduced metabolic rate is an adaptation for feeding on
                9. The mammal in the picture below feeds on
                10. It can be found in which zoogeographic region
                11. The difference in the shapes of the heads of the human and chimp pictured  below can best be explained by
                12. Cholepus, the two-toed sloth is most closely related to
                13. Elevated levels of testosterone are used to explain which of the following carnivore traits
                14. Living members of this family occur ONLY in North and South America
                15. Although tree shrews were once thought to be Primates, they have been placed in their own order (Scandentia), because they
                16. If you want to sample the shrews that are present in an area you are studying, the best method is to use
                17. This family of mostly insect-eating bats has more species than any other bat family, occurs worldwide
                18. Which of the following is a keystone species
                19. Nocturnal primates that occur in south Asia
                20. The highest number of endangered mammal species per unit area occurs in

                 

                For any 3 of the following pairs, list the most important ways in which they are similar, and list the most important ways in which they are different (6 points each, 18 points total)
                1. Pangolins (Manidae), Anteaters (Myrmecophagidae)
                2. Hedgehogs (Erinaciidae), Tenrecs (Tenrecidae)
                3. Old World Monkeys, New World Monkeys
                4. Old World fruit bats, New World fruit bats
                5. Seals (Phocidae), Sea lions (Otariidae)
                6. Talpidae (moles) Chrysochloridae (Golden moles)

                For any 3 of the following pairs, list the most important ways in which they are similar, and list the most important ways in which they are different (6 points each, 18 points total)

                1. Delayed implantation in seals, delayed implantation in bats
                2. Winter dormancy in bats, winter dormancy in bears
                3. Carnivorans in Madagascar, carnivorans in Texas
                4. Hovering bats, soaring bats
                5. Induced ovulation, spontaneous ovulation
                6. Tree sloths, colobine monkeys

                 

                For one of the following species, give the order and state the features that distinguish it from other orders of mammals, give the family and state the features that distinguish it from other families in its order, explain why it is a threatened or endangered species, and state what has been done to help preserve this species. (10 points)

                1. Golden lion tamarin
                2. Jaguar
                3. Free-tailed bats
                 
                1. Discuss how the skeleton of the cheetah maximizes velocity. In particular, use illustrations and mathematical formulae to show how the proportions of the front limb(for example, distance in and out) affect velocity of the cheetah limb (10 points)

                 

                1. In the videos shown during mammalogy, which mammal was shown doing the following