• Mammalogy _________________
  • Fall 2010 - Exam 3 name


    1. The animal shown below belongs to the Family
      1. Tayassuidae
      2. Tragulidae
      3. Suidae
      4. Hippopotamidae
      5. Ziphidae
    2. The above SPECIES can be found in which zoogeographic region
      1. Australian
      2. Nearctic
      3. Neotropical
      4. Palearctic
      5. Oriental
    3. Which is the best method to capture shrews
      1. Sherman traps
      2. Pitfall traps
      3. Snap traps
      4. Sticky traps
    4. Which of the following terms best describes the ecological relationship among zebras, wildebeest, and gazelles
    5. A mammal that sheds its horns every year
    6. The "rule" that body size increases with latitude
    7. Countercurrent exchange of blood would most likely be found in a/an
    8. The thing pictured below belongs in the family 


    1. Identify the picture of each animal to order and family (use common names for half credit), and give the distribution, ecology, and other important aspects for the family. 5 points each animal; 20 points total.
    2. Family and reproductive strategies; 4 points each family, 16 points total
      1. For each mammal pictured five the family, common names half credit (1 point each)
      2. Discuss an interesting reproductive strategy displayed by members of this family (do not repeat information from any other answer) (3 points each)
    3. For any 3 of the following, give the family, discuss how they are similar to other members of the family (and/or closely related families), how they differ other members of the family (and/or closely related families), distribution of the GENUS, and other features of interest such as conservation, diet, etc. (5 points each, 15 points total)
      1. Rangifer: (caribou and reindeer)
      2. Ovibos (musk ox)
      3. Moschus (musk deer)
      4. Giraffa (giraffe)
      5. Pecari (javelinas)
    4.  The following families include at least some species that are in danger of extinction. For any 4 of these, list general and specific (to species of concern in the family) causes and practical conservation solutions. (5 points each, 20 points total
      1. Balaenidae (Right whales)
      2. Eupleuridae (Madagascan carnivores)
      3. Felidae (cats)
      4. Phyllostomidae (New World fruit bats)
      5. Rhinocerotidae (Rhinos)
      6. Solenodontidae (Solenodons)
    5.  Answer two of the following (5 points each, 10 points total)
      1. What is upwelling and why is it important to baleen whales?
      2. Under what conditions do grazers which are hindgut fermenters have an advantage over foregut fermenters? Explain.
      3. What are the three most important skeletal adaptations for burrowing present in moles? Explain how they work.
      4. What are the two most important differences between primitive fossil whales such as Pakicetus and Ambulocetus and modern whales? What is the most important evidence that they are whales? Artiodactyls?
    6.  Discuss any 2 of the following (5 points each, 10 points total) DO NOT REPEAT ANY INFORMATION that was included in any other question or answer or I will deduct points.
      1. Discuss reproduction and winter sleep in black bears
      2. Characterize (information such as diagnostic characters, distribution, behavior, reproduction, life history, dietary and locomotor specializations, conservation issues) a FAMILY of the Order Carnivora that occurs in TEXAS. You can use families from any of the above questions if you want.
      3. Do the same for a FAMILY of the Order Artiodactyla that occurs in Texas.
      4. Answer a question of your choice concerning material covered for this test. If you want you can use one of the 5 point questions you did not answer previously. I will decide how many out of 5 points it is worth, for instance anything dealing with white-tailed deer will earn negative points.