Mammalogy Fall 2012 - Exam 2 

Mammalogy _________________
Fall 2012 - Exam 2 name

1. Identify FOUR of the following animals to order (1 point), family (1 point, common name ½ point), what zoogeographic region(s) (1 point) it is found and write something about its natural history (behavior, ecology, diet, reproduction) that makes THE FAMILY of this animal interesting (to your professor, who will judge the quality of your answer) (3 points). 24 points total

2. Answer THREE of the following, 12 points total
Family, common names half credit (1 point each) Discuss an interesting reproductive strategy displayed by members of this family (do not repeat information from any other answer) (3 points each)

3. Answer FOUR of the following, 20 points total

Order and Scientific or common name Zoogeographic Zone (be specific if restricted) Diet and interesting characteristic(s) related to diet and/or locomotion

  1. For any 4 of the following pairs, list the most important ways in which they are similar, and list the most important ways in which they are different (6 points each, 24 points total)
    a. Pangolins (Manidae), Anteaters (Myrmecophagidae)
    b. Tarsiers, Bush babies
    c. Old World Monkeys, New World Monkeys
    d. Old World fruit bats, New World fruit bats
    e. Cricetidae, Muridae
    f. Soricidae (shrews), Tupaiidae (tree shrews)
    g. Heteromyidae (pocket mice), Geomyidae (pocket gophers)

    4. ________________ and ______________
    a. Similarities

    b. Differences

    5. ________________ and ______________
    a. Similarities

    b. Differences

    6. ________________ and ______________
    a. Similarities

    b. Differences

    7. ________________ and ______________
    a. Similarities

    b. Differences

    8. Below are two pictures of a particular type of bat wing.

    a. Give an example of a bat family in which most species have this type of wing. (2 points)

    b. For what purpose and why do most species in this family have type C wings? (3 points)

    9. Answer TWO of the following (8 points each, 16 points total)
    a. What are the most important reasons that myrmecophagy has evolved so many times (i.e, what are the biggest advantages for eating termites).
    b. Beavers have been introduced to Chile and are being reintroduced to Scotland. Why is one an ecological disaster and the other supported by environmentalists as being worthwhile.
    c. Many species of bats are in danger of extinction
        i. What is it about the life history (their biology) of bats that differs from the biology of similar sized rodents that makes bats so much more vulnerable (explain) (3 points)
    ii. What three other factors are the most important causes for the worldwide decline of bat populations.
    d. Ask and answer a question based on material covered in lecture for this test that was not covered by a previous question.. I will judge whether your question is interesting and how much of the maximum 8 points it is worth. A question that can be asked and answered as a multiple choice question is worth at most 2 points