BIOLOGY 4429 EXAM 2, FALL 1998

1-7. Diagnose, characterize, and give the zoogeographic distribution of any 7 of the following. (5 points each)

Bathyergidae
Cebidae
Cynocephalidae
Dasypodidae
Desmodontinae
Erinaceidae
Hyaenidae
Muridae
Ochotonidae
Pongidae
Primates
Solenodontidae
Soricidae
Tarsiidae

 

8-12. Define and state the significance of any 5 of the following. Where appropriate state what taxon (-a) the term is associated with. (5 points each)

diastema
haplorhine
evergrowing incisors
folivore
myomorphous
myrmecophagous
precocial
protrogomorphous
strepsirhine
tooth comb

 13-16. ANSWER ANY FOUR OF THE FOLLOWING (10 points each)

  1. Compare and contrast the Talpidae and Geomyidae in terms of classification, diagnostic characteristics, adaptations, diversity, distribution, etc.
  2. Compare and contrast the Myrmecophagidae and Manidae in terms of classification, diagnostic characteristics, adaptations, diversity, distribution, etc.
  3. Compare and contrast the Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera in terms of classification, diagnostic characteristics, adaptations, diversity, distribution, etc.
  4. Compare and contrast the Macroscelididae and Tupaiidae in terms of classification, diagnostic characteristics, adaptations, diversity, distribution, etc.
  5. List three of the families of mammals that occur mainly on Madagascar, briefly characterize each family, and tell one thing about the natural history of each.
  6. List and briefly characterize the six families of the Carnivora that occur in the U.S. (including shorelines), and tell one thing about the natural history of each.
  7. List and briefly characterize any four families of the Chiroptera that occur in the U.S., and tell one thing about the natural history of each.
  8. Define and compare Hystricomorphy and Hystricognathy. What taxa are characteristic of each? Why aren't the terms interchangable for characterizing a taxonomic group?