Mammalogy Fall 1999 - Exam 2 name ID#

MULTIPLE CHOICE--select the best answer; 2 points each.

  1. The most diagnostic feature of this order is a petrosal bulla
  2. This family of bats occurs only in the Old World and feeds mainly on fruits and nectar.
  3. All modern species of this fully aquatic order of herbivorous mammals occur in relatively warm waters, but one large species that became extinct within historic times occurred in the much colder waters of the northern Pacific Ocean.
  4. This family of carnivores contains a genus that is specialized for feeding on ants and termites
  5. This family of bats has more species than any other bat family, occurs worldwide, and mainly consists of insect eaters.
  6. This family is highly successful and widespread today, and includes more genera (>200) and species (>25% of all living mammals) than any other family of mammals.
  7. These anteaters are found in the Neotropics and do not have any teeth
  8. Weasels, otters, and badgers belong to the Family
  9. This family of primitive, burrowing rodents is endemic to western North America.
  10. One of the three genera of this order of small, primarily African herbivores is arboreal whereas other members occur mostly in rocky areas. The phylogenetic relationships of the group are not well known, but some have argued that their closest living relatives are the Proboscidea.
  11. This family of bats includes fruit eaters, nectar feeders, frog eaters, and blood drinkers
  12. This family contains the the largest bodied rodents found today
  13. This family of Caviomorph rodents has a South American origin, and most species occur in the neotropics today, but one has extended its distribution far north, including Texas.
  14. All members of this family are true brachiators
  15. External furred cheek pouches occur in the following two familes
  16. These small, insectivorous mammals have a long, movable snout and long hind limbs so they can hop bipedally.
  17. This family once occurred in North America, but today only occurs in the neotropics and southeast Asia.
  18. These anteaters are found in the Neotropics and do not have any teeth
  19. The only carnivorans in Madagascar belong to these two families
  20. In this family, the hind foot capable of forward rotation for terrestrial locomotion via hindfoot propulsion. For aquatic locomotion, the forelimbs are used for propulsion, hindlimbs for steering
  21. ALL of the following families have an auditory bulla divided into two chambers EXCEPT
  22. Which of the following primate taxa occurs only in Madagascar
  23. Most members of this carnivore family occur in the New World, with the exception of the Ailurus, the lesser or red panda
  24. These anteaters are protected by overlapping scales of keratin
  25. These nimble climbers of rocks and trees are ungulates that live in Africa and the Middle East
  26. Which of the following primate taxa feeds mostly on leaves
  27. This family of arboreal gliders has a tooth comb of pectinate incisors
  28. In this family, the hind foot is not capable of forward rotation for terrestrial locomotion. For aquatic locomotion, the forelimbs are used for steering, hindlimbs for propulsion,

Compare (i.e., tell how they are similar) and contrast (i.e., tell how they are different) any THREE of the following pairs of terms (5 points each - 15 points total)

  1. Megachiroptera, Microchiroptera
  2. Elephas, Loxodontia
  3. Lemurs, Tarsiers
  4. New World Monkey, Old World monkey
  5. Sciuromorphous, Hysticomorphous
  6. Trichechidae, Dugongidae

Define and state the significance to mammalogy as discussed in lecture of any SEVEN of the following. Where appropriate state what taxon (-a) the term is associated with and /or give examples of members of this taxon. (5 points each - 35 points total)

  1. alisphenoid canal
  2. Archonta
  3. Condylarth
  4. copraphagy
  5. Crocuta
  6. Daubentonia
  7. Hominidae
  8. Loridae
  9. mesaxonic
  10. prehensile tail
  11. protrusible tongue
  12. scent glands
  13. vertical clinger and leaper
  14. xenarthrous vertebrae