The 14 WWF biomes and 8
biogeographical realms of the world, from
Afrotropic corresponds to the Ethiopian Zoogeographic region; the Indo-Malay to
the Oriental Zoogeographic region; the Australasian minus New Zealand and the
islands east of New Guinea corresponds to the Australian Zoogeographic region.
- Faunal regions proposed by Alfred
Wallace, co-discover of the
Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection.
Comparisons of the Mammals of the Faunal Regions [Table
- Palearctic (PA)
- Europe, North Africa (to Sahara), Asia (except India, Pakistan and
SE Asia) and Middle East.
- Number of families = 36; endemics =
- Nearctic (NA)
- Canada, USA, Mexico to tropics
- Number of families = 31; endemics = 2.
Holarctic is Palearctic plus Nearctic
- Neotropical (NT)
- tropical Mexico south to South America, plus the Antilles
- Number of families = 56; endemics =
- Afrotropic (AF) or Ethiopian (ET)
- Madagascar, Africa south of the Sahara, southern Arabian Peninsula
- Number of families = 58; endemics =
- Indo-Malayan (IM) or Oriental (OR)
- Pakistan, India, Southeast Asia, Philippines, Indonesia west of Wallace's line (Sumatra,
- Number of families = 49; endemics =
- Australian (AU)
- Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, Indonesian Islands east of Wallace's line (Sulawesi,
- NOTE: does not include New Zealand
- Number of families = 35; endemics =
- Oceans of the world and truely oceanic, isolated, small islands
Regions from Radford University